Archaeology near the city of Oaxaca is plentiful. Monte Albán, Yagúl and Mitlá are all within a day's drive.
Monte Albán is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site located on a low mountainous range rising above a plain in the central Valley of Oaxaca, 6 miles west of the city of Oaxaca.
Yagul is an archaeological site and former city-state associated with the Zapotec civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica near Oaxaca. The site is also known locally as Pueblo Viejo (Old Village) and was occupied at the time of the Spanish Conquest. After the Conquest the population was relocated to the nearby modern town of Tlacolula where their descendants still live.
Mitla is the most important archeological site of the Zapotec culture. It is located in the upper end of the Tlacolula Valley within the municipality of San Pablo Villa de Mitla. While Monte Albán was most important as a political center, Mitla was the main religious center.